A combination of cranberries, Lactobacillus rhamnosus & Lactobacillus crispatus, and vitamin C might produce a clinical benefit due to their additive or synergistic effects.
The association between sexual intercourse and subsequent acute symptomatic UTIs in women is so well known that these episodes are often labeled “honeymoon cystitis”. Sexual activity moves bacteria into the bladder and can lead to colonization of in the urinary tract. UTIs are easily treated with antibiotics. However, given the large number of women treated with antibiotics for UTI, there is a high probability that resistance will emerge and spread. Rapid emergence of resistance among uropathogens/bacteria has been observed for several Antibiotics. This essential means that the UTI are becoming and will continue to be increasingly difficult to treat with antibiotics.
A urinary tract infection (UTI), as defined herein, is an infection of any part of the urinary tract. The urinary tract includes the kidneys, the bladder, the urethra, and the ureter. Infection of the urinary tract typically results in a variety of symptoms, depending on the specific site of infection.
- Infection of the kidneys (e.g., acute pyelonepthritis) can result in upper back and side pain, high fever, shaking and chills, nausea, and vomiting.
- Infection of the bladder (e.g., cystitis) can result in pelvic pressure, lower abdomen discomfort, frequent and painful urination, and blood in the urine.
- Infection of the urethra (e.g., urethritis) typically includes a burning sensation associated with urination.
- For febrile UTI, a fever will be present, and possibly other associated symptoms such as shaking and chills as well. UTI can be acute or chronic.
- An acute UTI is typically short term (i.e., less than one month) and of high intensity.
- Chronic infection is a longer-term infection (i.e., lasting at least one month, and up to a number of years) that typically does not respond to antimicrobial treatment.
The bacteria present (colonizes/overgrows) with a UTI can be one or more of E. coli, Pseudomonas, Enterococcus, Enterobacter, Klebsiella, or Proteus mirabilis. The majority (80-85%) of bacterial urinary tract infections are caused by E. coli. However, a urinary tract infection can also occur as a result of infection by pathogens other than bacteria. For example, UTIs can also be caused by viruses and fungus. Examples of urinary viral infections include those by BK virus, cytomegalovirus (CMV) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Fungal infection is commonly caused by infection by fungi of the genus Candida (yeast).
In women the periurethral area provides more places for bacteria to grow. The vaginal cavity provides an additional niche for growth. Bacteria also move easily from the vagina to the urethral opening. This, combined with the shorter distance from the urethral opening to the bladder, increases the chance that a potential uropathogen can ascend to the bladder, multiply in the urine, and invade bladder walls or ascend further to the kidneys causing UTI. Unfortunately, UTI have a propensity to recur. After an apparently cured first UTI, about 20% of women will have another within 6 months. Among sexually active women with a history of 1 or more UTI, one-half to almost three-quarters will have another within a year.
Data (scientific/medical studies/clinical trials & research) suggest that a critical component in UTI development may be an absence of probiotic bacteria. Probiotics are living microorganisms such as yeasts and bacteria that can be formulated into many different types of product which will produce beneficial effects to the person taking the probiotics. A healthy diet, the use of nutritional supplements and probiotics help to reduce the risk of recurrent UTIs. However, the role of supplements taken as single agents appears to be limited. A combination of cranberries, Lactobacillus rhamnosus & Lactobacillus crispatus, and vitamin C might produce a clinical benefit due to their additive or synergistic effects. These options are relatively inexpensive, convenient and available without a prescription.Put the antibiotics away for now and try something else.
Until Next Time!
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